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Bone and calcium disorders encompass a range of medical conditions that affect the skeletal system and disrupt the body's calcium balance.

Calcium is a crucial mineral in the human body, essential for various physiological functions, including bone health, muscle contraction, and nerve transmission. These disorders can manifest in various forms, impacting bone density, strength, and overall health.

Common bone and calcium disorders include osteoporosis, osteomalacia, hyperparathyroidism, and hypoparathyroidism, among others. Timely diagnosis and management are crucial to prevent complications and maintain optimal bone and calcium homeostasis.


  • Fractures: Increased susceptibility to fractures, often with minimal trauma, is a key symptom of many bone disorders, especially osteoporosis.

  • Pain: Persistent bone or muscle pain, particularly in the back, hips, or wrists, may indicate a bone disorder.

  • Muscle Weakness: Muscle weakness and spasms can be linked to imbalances in calcium levels, seen in conditions like hypoparathyroidism.

  • Bone Deformities: Skeletal deformities may develop, particularly in children with rickets (a form of osteomalacia).

  • Fatigue: Chronic fatigue can be a general symptom related to many bone and calcium disorders.

  • Tingling or Numbness: Numbness, tingling, or muscle cramps in the extremities might occur due to calcium imbalance.

  • Height Loss: Gradual loss of height over time, often due to vertebral compression fractures in osteoporosis.

  • Kidney Stones: Formation of kidney stones can be associated with certain disorders that affect calcium metabolism.

When to see a doctor

  • Frequent Fractures: If you experience fractures easily or have a family history of bone disorders, consult a healthcare professional.

  • Chronic Pain: Persistent bone or muscle pain, especially if it interferes with daily activities, warrants medical attention.

  • Muscle Weakness and Spasms: If you have unexplained muscle weakness or spasms, it's important to see a doctor.

  • Bone Deformities: In cases of bone deformities or growth issues, especially in children, seek medical advice.

  • Suspected Calcium Imbalance: If you suspect symptoms related to calcium imbalance, such as numbness, tingling, or muscle cramps, consult a healthcare provider.

  • Kidney Stones: If you have a history of kidney stones and suspect a calcium disorder, it's essential to see a doctor.

  • Medication Side Effects: If you are taking medications that can affect bone health (e.g., corticosteroids), regular check-ups may be needed to monitor bone density.

endocrine clinic in Maitland FL
endocrine clinic in Maitland FL
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