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Hypothyroidism happens when the thyroid gland doesn't make enough thyroid hormone. This condition also is called underactive thyroid.


Hypothyroidism may not cause noticeable symptoms in its early stages. Over time, hypothyroidism that isn't treated can lead to other health problems, such as high cholesterol and heart problems.

Blood tests are used to diagnose hypothyroidism. Treatment with thyroid hormone medicine usually is simple, safe and effective once you and your health care provider find the right dosage for you.


The symptoms of hypothyroidism depend on the severity of the condition. Problems tend to develop slowly, often over several years.

At first, you may barely notice the symptoms of hypothyroidism, such as fatigue and weight gain. Or you may think they are just part of getting older. But as your metabolism continues to slow, you may develop more-obvious problems.

Hypothyroidism symptoms may include:

  • Tiredness.

  • More sensitivity to cold.

  • Constipation.

  • Dry skin.

  • Weight gain.

  • Puffy face.

  • Hoarse voice.

  • Coarse hair and skin.

  • Muscle weakness.

  • Muscle aches, tenderness and stiffness.

  • Menstrual cycles that are heavier than usual or irregular.

  • Thinning hair.

  • Slowed heart rate, also called bradycardia.

  • Depression.

  • Memory problems.

When to see a doctor

See your health care provider if you're feeling tired for no reason or if you have other symptoms of hypothyroidism.

If you're taking thyroid hormone medicine for hypothyroidism, follow your health care provider's advice on how often you need medical appointments. At first, you may need regular appointments to make sure you're receiving the right dose of medicine. Over time, you may need checkups so that your health care provider can monitor your condition and medicine.

endocrine clinic in Maitland FL
endocrine clinic in Maitland FL
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